A martial art is any of the various fighting sports or skills, mainly of East Asian origin, such as kung fu (Pinyin gongfu), judo and karate. The term may also refer to the philosophy of these arts, which is often influenced by Daoism and Zen Buddhism. These philosophies promote a unification of the mind, body and spirit that allows for a complete response to a given situation with no delay.
Martial arts were originally developed as practical techniques for self-defense and sport. The ancient Greeks, for example, had a popular sport called Greco-Roman wrestling, which involved competitors throwing each other to the ground in a square plethron. They would then try to grapple with the opponent to subdue him, using a variety of throws and joint locks.
Judo, created in Japan in the 19th century by Jigoro Kano, is a modern martial art. It is based on throws and holds that can immobilize or pin an opponent to the floor, and it places great emphasis on technique over brute strength. Judo is now a popular Olympic sport.
In more recent times, the martial arts have become increasingly popular as a means of exercise and personal development, as well as for sport. They have helped many students lose weight and increase their confidence by teaching them how to deal with conflict in a non-violent, self-empowering way. They also provide an outlet for kids’ energy, and emphasize respect for oneself and others.
The first step in learning a martial art is mastering the basic stances. A proper stance allows a student to move quickly and accurately with power. To achieve a good stance, stand with your feet about a foot apart. Your lead leg should be forward, and your back leg should be slightly bent and pointing to the side, like you are standing on the edge of a strip of painter’s tape running between your legs.
Once you’ve mastered the basic stances, begin practicing combinations of moves. Remember to keep your head up and avoid telegraphing your intentions with your head, face or hands. Try to use deception and surprise to your advantage by moving in unexpected ways.
Practicing for an extended period of time allows you to develop muscle memory and perfect your technique. Be sure to practice in front of a mirror or with a training partner so you can see your form and take note of any errors. Repetition and practice will also help you learn the movements by heart.
A great martial artist has the ability to blend speed, power and accuracy with a calm, focused mental state. This is known as kihon, or “perfect skill.” A martial artist who has mastered the blending of these elements can be a formidable opponent, and he is able to stop a fight with a single blow, a devastating kick or an incredible submission. The true meaning of the word martial is to end conflict with skill, rather than with violence. Kampsport